contest and sponsored mobility
- Alternative patterns of intergenerational social ascent through schooling. Under contest mobility individuals have, within a basic framework of rules, a wide range of strategies or routes they can pursue in order to attain credentials associated with high status. Under sponsored mobility the alternatives are minimal and typically controlled by an élite. The former is seen as more egalitarian , since it implies open competition, with selection delayed as long as possible. Under the latter, recruits are chosen early for the ‘fast track’ by the élite or their representatives, and exclusion is practised against the rest. Ralph H. Turner, who proposed the distinction in the early 1960s, made the controversial claim that, in the United States, contest mobility is the more predominant, compared with the stronger emphasis on sponsorship in Britain and other European societies. See also closure.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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mobility, contest and sponsored — See contest and sponsored mobility … Dictionary of sociology
sponsored mobility — See contest and sponsored mobility … Dictionary of sociology
Sponsored mobility — refers to a system of social mobility where elite individuals in society select (either directly or through agents) recruits to induct into high status groups. This norm functions in opposition to contest mobility, in which everyone is seen as… … Wikipedia
mobility, social — The movement usually of individuals but sometimes of whole groups between different positions within the system of social stratification in any society. It is conventional to distinguish upward and downward mobility (that is, movement up or down… … Dictionary of sociology
Contest mobility — refers to system of social mobility in which all individuals are seen as participants in a race where elite status is the end goal and the contest is an open one. The idea is also sometimes referred to as tournament mobility. This serves in… … Wikipedia
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ОТВЕТНАЯ И СПОНСИРОВАННАЯ МОБИЛЬНОСТЬ — (contest and sponsored mobility) противоположные способы социальной мобильности через образование. Р.Х. Тернер (1960) выявил спонсированную мобильность отбор детей для поступления в избранную среднюю школу и их поддержка материально и другими… … Большой толковый социологический словарь
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